澳门娱乐在线

2018-08-11 02:30:02新京报
原创版权禁止商业转载授权

理性与宗教的肉搏史 在反智时代谈信仰

2018-08-11 02:30:02新京报


英国漫画家乔治·克鲁克香克创作的讽刺潘恩的漫画。


《理性时代》
作者:(美)托马斯·潘恩
版本:武汉大学出版社
译者:陈宇
2014年12月

  RENMENWANGWANGRENWEI,JISHUJINBUBANSUIZHELIXINGDESHENGLI。RANER,ZAILIXINGYUZONGJIAOMANZHANGDEROUBOSHIDANGZHONG,SHEIZHANSHANGFENGRENGWEIBIYOUDAAN。ZAISUSHAN·YAGEBIDE《FANZHISHIDAI》CHENGXIANLE澳门星河娱乐在线 MINZHONGZHIJIANXINYANGYUKEXUEDEDIAOGUIBOYI。CONG澳门星河娱乐在线 LISHIDEZHISHIMAILUOLAIKAN,CONGLIXINGSHIDAIDAOFANZHISHIDAI,WOMENDEXINYANGFASHENGLEZENYANGDEGAIBIAN?

  澳门星河娱乐在线 革命之父潘恩,以理性解构基督教神话

  1809NIAN6YUE8RI,TUOMASI·PANENZAI澳门星河娱乐在线 NIUYUEGELINNIZHICUNQUSHI。JITIANHOU,ZAITADEZANGLISHANG,ZHEIWEIYU澳门星河娱乐在线 LISHIBUKEFENGEDERENWU,YINWEIDUIYUJIDUJIAOZHENGTONGDETIAOZHANERSHUDIWUSHU,ZUIZHONGZHIYOULIURENYUANYILAIWEITASONGXING。JIUZAIBINGWEIDESHIHOU,YIWEINVRENLAIDAOTADECHUANGQIAN,SHENGCHENGZIJISHOUDAOSHANGDIDEQIANPAILAIZHENGJIUTADELINGHUN。PANENYIXISHANGCUN,WEIRUODISHUO:“ZHEIBUHUISHIZHENDE。NIBUKENENGBEIPAILAI,SONGSHANGZHEIXIEWULIAODEXINXI……SHANGDIRUGUOYAOCHUANLAISHAQISHI,YEBUKENENGPAILAINIZHEIYANGCHOULOUDELAONVRENA。”

  LAONVRENDEHAOXIN,BINGMEIDEDAOHAOBAO。RENDAOZUIHOUYIKE,PANENHAISHIJIANCHILE《LIXINGSHIDAI》DEXINNIAN,HUOXUYEYOUGUOSIWANGDEKONGHUANG,DANHAISHIMEIYOURANGSHENTAOTAODEANWEILAIBAOCHIZUIHOUDEPINGJING。

澳门娱乐在线  LIANGBAIDUONIANHOU,PANENDESHENHOUZHIJI,KELISITUOFU·XIQINSI,TANGZAIBINGCHUANGSHANG,TACHABUDUOYIBEIAIZHENGZHEMODEZHISHENGXIAYIFUGUJIALE。MIANDUIZHEIWEIZHONGQIYISHENGDEWUSHENLUNDOUSHI,YEYOURENCOUZAITADEERBIAN,WENTA,XIANGGUOYIGEWENTIBA,SIWANGZHIHOUHAIYOUSHENME。TAYISILENGXIAO,DANDANDISHUO,NEIJIANGSHIYIPIANKONGXU。RENFAMINGLETIANTANGHEDIYU,DANGRENHUAWEIHUIJIN,ERZHEJIUDANGSUIZHERENDELIQUERLIQU。DANGTALIQUHOU,YEYOURENZHIZAOLEZHEIWEISIRENDEHUANGTANG。YOURENSHUO,XIQINSIZAILINZHONGDESHIHOU,YEKONGHUANGDEYAOMING;KANLAI,TAMINGBAI,TAJIJIANGMIANDUIDEBUSHIKONGXU,ERSHIZUOWEISHISHENZHEDANGCHENGSHOUDEWUJINZHEMO。HAOZAITADEJIARENJIANZHENGLETADESIWANG,TAMENLIANGCHULEXIQINSIZUIHOUDEPINGJING。

澳门娱乐在线  JIUZAIXIQINSIQUSHIQIANJINIAN,TAHAIWEIPANENZHUANXIELEYIBUCHUANJI。ZAIQIZHONG,TASHUODAO:“DANGQUANLIHELIXINGZAOSHOUHUOMINGHUOANDEGONGJISHI,TUOMASI·PANENDERENSHENGHEZHUZUOJIANGYIZHICHENGWEIWOMENLAIYIYIKAODEJUNXIEKUDEZUCHENGBUFEN。”TAHAISHUO:“RUGUORENDEQUANLIZAIHEIANSHIDAIDANGDEDAOZHICHI,WOMENJIUGAIXUYAOYIGELIXINGSHIDAI。”

  《LIXINGSHIDAI》DEQUERANGPANENSHENHOUWUSHURENCHANGDAOLELIXINGDEMEIWEI,FENDELEHONGLI。AIDISHENGJIUHAIBAOYUANGUO,ZHEIGESHIDAIDEXUESHENGSHIZAIKELIAN,TAMENZAIXUEXIAOLIZAJIUBUNENGJIECHUDAOPANENDEZHUZUO,HAORANGTAMENYEXIANGTAYIYANG,ZAOZAODIKAIQIZIWODEZHIXING,BUZAIWEIRENHEJIAOTIAOMAIDAN。MAKE·TUWENSUIRANYECONGZHONGSHOUYI,TAYESHUO,NEIZHANYIQIAN,SHEIYAOSHICHENGRENZIJISIXIADUGUOZHEIBENSHU,DEXUYAODUODADEYONGQI。

澳门娱乐在线  《LIXINGSHIDAI》GONGYOUSANBUXIAOCEZIGOUCHENG,FENBIECHUBANYU1794NIAN、1795NIANHE1804NIAN。DIYIBUZHUYAOJIANGSHULEPANENZIJIDELINIANYUGUANHUAI。PANENTICHANGZIRANZONGJIAO,PIPANYIZONGJIAOMINGYIERWANNONGDEZHONGZHONGMIXIN、WUSHU。ZHEIYANGDEXINYANGHAISHICHENGRENSHENDECUNZAI,SHENWEIWANSHIWANWUFUYULELINGHUN。WANSHIWANWUSUOJUYOUDEGUILVJIUXIANGSHISHENLINGDECUNZAI。NIYONGYOULIXINGHESIBIANNENGLI,JIUNENGQUFAXIANQIANZAIDESHENLI。《LIXINGSHIDAI》HOUMIANLIANGBUSHITADUIYU《SHENGJING》JIQIZHUJINGXUEDEJIEGOU。JIUYI《SHENGJING》LAISHUO,XINYANGZHEYITAZUOWEIZIJIRENZHIHEXINGWEIDEZHIDAOSHOUCE,XUYAOZAILIMIANZHAODAOQINGXIMINGLEDEZHIDAOXUNJIE。BUGUO,PANENJIUMINGSHUOLE,ZHEIYANGDESHENGJINGSHENGDIAN,BINGFEICONGTIANERJIANG,SHANGDIYEBUHUIYOUXINSIWEIRENLEIXIEZUOYIBUZHUZUO,ZHEILIMIANDEWENZIDOUGAICHUZIFANRENZHISHOU。ERQIE,HAIYUANBUZHIYIWEIFANRENCANYUDAOZHEIGECHUANGZUOGUOCHENGZHONG。WOMENJINTIANSUONENGDUDAODE《SHENGJING》,ZAISHIJIANZHANGHEZHONGJINGGUOWUSHURENDENULI,JILEIERCHENG。NEIME,QIANHOUCHONGTU、MAODUNDEDIFANG,YEJIUZAISUONANMIANLE。ZHEIGEKANFAYIDANCHENGLI,NEIXIEQIPANCONGZHONGDEDAOQISHIDEXINTUMENYOUGAIHEQUHECONG?ZAIZHONGDUOQIANCHENGDEXINYANGZHEYANLI,ZHEIDANGRANSUANDESHANGSHIBUKEKUANLIANGDEXIEDU。LINGWAI,《SHENGJING》JIRANBUNENGWEISHIRENDEXINGDONGTIGONGMINGQUEDEZHISHI,YEBUKENENGWEIWOMENRENSHIZHEIGESHIJIETIGONGZHUNQUEWUWUDEZHISHI,WOMENBIXUYONGJINGYAN、LUOJILAIFAXIANZHENSHILE。

  政教分离之后,迎来“理性时代”

  QISHI,《LIXINGSHIDAI》TIGONGDEGUANDIANHEXINXI,MEIYOUDUOSHAOKEYIRENZUOPANENBENRENDEYUANCHUANG。TADUGUOOUZHOUZHEXUEJIASIBINNUOSHA、XIUMO、FUERTAIDENGRENDEZUOPIN,SHUXITAMENDELUNDIAN。BUGUO,PANENCAISUANDESHANGCHUANBODENENGSHOU。CHULETAZHIQIANXIEZUODE《CHANGSHI》《RENDEQUANLI》DENGXIAOCEZIZHIWAI,《LIXINGSHIDAI》YEHENKUAIZAI澳门星河娱乐在线 YINGDELEGUANGFANDUZHE。TAAIZAIWENZHONGSHIYONG“WOMEN”,TAYUDUZHEZHIJIANBUGAIYOUGEHE,TAMEIYOUDUANZHEJIAOYUZHE、CHUANDAOZHEDEZITAI。TADEYUYANQIANBAIERYOUZHIJIE,SHENZHIXIANDESHENGMENG。YINCI,WULUNSHIZHISHIFENZI,HAISHIPUTONGDUZHE,DOUNENGFENXIANGTADELUNSHU。ERZHEIYANGDESHUXIEYUYANYEYINGXIANGLEHOULAIDEGEMINGXIAOCEZI。

  ZHEIYANGDEXIEDUWEITADAILAISHENGYUDETONGSHI,EYUNYEGENZHELAILE。ZHEIBUSHUZAIYINGGUO、FAGUODENGDIDECHUBANBINGBUSHUNLI。YINGGUOMANHUAJIAQIAOZHI·KELUKEXIANGKE(George Cruikshank)HAIWEIPANENCHUANGZUOLEYIFUMANHUA。PANENZAIZHEIFUHUALIXIANGSHOUDAOYESUDEDAIYU,BEIKUNBANGZAISHIZIJIASHANG,ZHENGGESHENTIYECHABUDUOYINMEIZAIXIONGXIONGLIEHUOZHIZHONG。

  LUOBOTE·YINGGESUOLAN(1833-1899,Robert Ingersoll)ZHEIYANGPINGJIEPANENDEMINGYUN:“TASHIRENMINDESHOUHAIZHE,DANTADEXINNIANRENGBUKEDONGYAO。TAYIRANSHIZIYOUDUIWUZHONGDEYIMINGZHANSHI。NEIXIERENZAIBUNAIFANDIDENGDAITADESIWANG,TAQUEYIZHIZAISHITUQIMENG、KAIHUATAMEN。”ZAIJINIANPANENDEGONGKAIYANJIANGZHONG,TAHAISHUO:“ZHISHAO,ZAIZHEIGEGUOJIA,TAYIJIANGBEILIERUZUIWEIZHIDEJIAOAODEXINGLIE。ZAIDULIXUANYANDEZHOUNIANJINIANRISHANG,TADEMINGZIYEGAIGUAZAISUOYOUYANSHUOJIADEKOUBIAN,ERTAYEBEIQUANTIRENMINSUOJIYI。TUOMASI·PANENBINGWEIJIUCIJIESHUZIJIDESHIYE。”

  ZAI澳门星河娱乐在线 SIXIANGSHISHANG,YINGGESUOLANYIBEIRENZHANGJIUDIYIWANGLE。DAOLE2013NIAN,SUSHAN·YAGEBICHUBAN《WEIDADEBUKEZHILUNZHE:LUOBOTE·YINGGESUOLANYU澳门星河娱乐在线 ZIYOUSIXIANG》(The Great Agnostic: Robert Ingersoll and American Freethought),ZHEIWEI19SHIJIDEZIYOUSIXIANGZHEYOUZAICICHUXIANZAIGONGZHONGYANQIAN。YINGGESUOLANBEIYAGEBISHIWEIPANENJINGSHENDECHENGJIZHE,TAYESHANZHANGDUIGONGZHONGCHUANBOSIXIANG。BUTONGYUPANENDESHI,TABUTONGGUOZHUANXIEXIAOCEZILAIXIYINDAZHONG,TASICHUJIANGYAN,YONGTONGSUDEKOUYULAICHUANBOLIXINGSHIDAIDEXINFUYIN。TADEJIANGTIDUOGUANYURENWENZHUYIHEZIYOUSIXIANG,YECHANGXIXUEZONGJIAOXINYANG。BUSHAOGONGGONGMEITIYEZAIPIPANTA,DANRENGNANYIZHIZHUBUSHAORENDEREQING。WEILELINGTINGTADEJIANGYAN,MEIWEITINGZHONGBUDEBUZHIFUYIMEIYUANDEMENPIAOFEI。TAHAIDANRENLE澳门星河娱乐在线 SHISUXIEHUI(the American Secular Union)DELINGDAO。

  SUSHAN·YAGEBIZHICHU,CONG19SHIJIDAODIYICISHIJIEDAZHANBAOFA,ZHEIDUANSHIJIANZHENGWEI澳门星河娱乐在线 LISHISHANGZIYOUSIXIANGDEHUANGJINSHIDAI。HUOZHESHUO,ZHEIZHENGSHITAXINMUZHONGDE“LIXINGSHIDAI”。ZAIZHEIGESHIDAILI,CHULEYOUNENGGOUGUANGFANYINGXIANGDAZHONGDEYINGGESUOLAN,HAIYOUAIMOSHENG、SUOLUO、HUITEMANDENGYIZHANGCHUANMINGZI。

澳门娱乐在线  SHUODAOZHEIGEHUANGJINSHIDAIDESHENGCHENG,BUNENGBUTIDAO1791NIAN澳门星河娱乐在线 XIANFADIYIXIUZHENGANDETONGGUO。YOULEZHEIDUANDUANDEFALVTIAOWEN,ZHENGFUHEZONGJIAOBIANCONGCIZAI澳门星河娱乐在线 WUFAJIEYUAN。ZAIRENLEILISHISHANG,“ZHENGJIAOFENLI”SHOUCIJINRULEGUOJIAXIANFA。“GUOJIAO”YECONGCIBUKENENGZAIZHEIGEGUOJIAYUNNIANGSHENGCHENG。

  RUOYAOGANXIEZHEIXIANGGUOJIAFAAN,HAIBUDEBUTIDAOTUOMASI·JIEFEIXUN。TADANRENGUO澳门星河娱乐在线 LISHISHANGDEDISANRENZONGTONG,ZAIJIBIERENDEYOUJIANZHONG,TALVXIANTICHU,ZAIZHENGFUYUJIAOHUIZHIJIANDEJIANQIGAOQIANG。YEZHENGSHIZHEIZUOGAOQIANGDEJIANLI,PANENCAINENGANRANDIZAI澳门星河娱乐在线 SIQU,YUNMINGYULIEHUODECHANGJINGYEZHINENGCHUXIANZAINEIFUMANHUASHANG。

  ■ 观点·“反智主义”书摘

  GUANJIANCI JISHU

  《FANZHISHIDAI:HUANGYANZHONGDE澳门星河娱乐在线 WENHUA》

澳门娱乐在线  ZUOZHE:SUSHAN·YAGEBI

澳门娱乐在线  (Susan Jacoby)

  BANBEN:XINXINGCHUBANSHE

  2018NIAN6YUE

澳门娱乐在线  “SHIJIUSHIJIMOQI,RENMENHUIZAIDAPINGYUANSHANGBENZOUQIANLI,ZHIWEIQINERTINGDAOYINGGESUOERHEHEXULIDENGZONGSHIGONGJITINGZHONGMENZUIZHENSHIDEXINYANGZHIRENDEGUANDIAN。RUJIN,HENDUO澳门星河娱乐在线 RENLIANZHENGZHIYIJIANHEGUANDIANBUTONGDEFacebookYEMIANDOULANDEDAKAI。……澳门星河娱乐在线 RUJINRANSHANGLEYIZHONGJIANGWUZHI、FANLIXINGZHUYIYUFANZHIZHUYIJIAOZHIZAIYIQI,ZAIJISHUDEZUOYONGXIATUBIANDEBINGZHENG,TABIGUOQUNEIZHONGZHOUQIXINGDEJIBINGGENGJIAWEIXIAN。DANGQIANZHEILUNBAOFASUOCHANSHENGDEYANZHONGWEIHAIYURENMENDUIYIQIEBUYIWEIYIDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAISHIFENBUKAIDE。”

  GUANJIANCI LISHI

  《澳门星河娱乐在线 SHENGHUOZHONGDEFANZHIZHUYI》

  (Anti-Intellectualism in American Life)

澳门娱乐在线  ZUOZHE:LICHADE·HUOFUSITATE

  (Richard Hofstadter)

澳门娱乐在线  BANBEN:NUOPUFUSHUJU(Knopf)

  1963NIAN2YUE

  “WOMENDEFANZHIZHUYI,SHISHISHANGBIWOMENDEMINZURENTONGGENGJIAGULAO,ERQIEYOUZHESHENYUANDELISHIBEIJING。DUIZHEIZHONGBEIJINGDEKAOCHABIAOMING,ZHISHIFENZIZAI澳门星河娱乐在线 SUOSHOUDAODEJINGYIBINGMEIYOUZHANGQICHIXUXIAHUA,YEBINGFEIZAIJINQITURANBIANZAO,ERSHICHUZAIZHOUQIBODONGZHIZHONG;ZHEIYANGDEKAOCHAHAIFAXIAN,ZHISHIFENZIZAIWOMENZHEIGESHIDAISUOSHOUDEYUANHENBINGBUYIWEIZHETAMENDIWEIDEXIAJIANG,ERSHIBIAOMINGTAMENYUEFAZHONGYAO。”

  

 

  《FANZHISHIDAI:HUANGYANZHONGDE澳门星河娱乐在线 WENHUA》YISHUDEZUOZHESUSHAN·YAGEBI

  

  WUDI·AILUNDEDIANYING《ANNIHUOER》ZHIZHONGDIEDIEBUXIUDEZHISHIFENZIXINGXIANGSHENRURENXIN。

  1904NIANBANXINGDE《ZOUDINGXUETANGZHANGCHENG》,SHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGDIYIGEZHENGSHIBANBUDEQUANGUOPUBIANXINGXUEZHI,TADIANDINGLEZHONGGUOXIANDAIJIAOYUDEJICHU。

  在特朗普时代,反智主义的反扑?

  SUSHAN·YAGEBISHIDANGJIN澳门星河娱乐在线 POYOUYINGXIANGLIDEWUSHENLUNZHE。澳门星河娱乐在线 LIANGBAIDUONIANDELISHI,ZAITAXINZHONG,WEIYOUNEIDUANJISHINIANDELISHICAISUANSHITAXINMUZHONGDEHUANGJINSHIDAI。ZAIZHEIGESHIDAILI,SHISUZHUYICHENGWEIZIYOUSIXIANGZHEDEBIAOZHI。TAMENBUXIANGSHENGJINGSHENGDIANSUOQIUDAAN,ERSUZHUYUGERENDETANSUOYUCHUANGZAO。TAMENXIANGZONGJIAOJIAOYIKAIHUO,JIUNANDAONENGGOUSHUO,LIKAILEJIAOYIZHIDAODESUSHISHENGHUOJIUYIDINGHUAXIANGZUIEDESHENYUAN?

  QISHI,CONG18SHIJIMODAO20SHIJICHU,YEJIUZAI澳门星河娱乐在线 ,HAIFASHENGGUOSANCISUOWEIDEDAJUEXING(Great Awakening)。ERZHEIDUANSHIJIANDUOYUYAGEBIXINZHONGDEHUANGJINSHIDAIXIANGZHONGDIE。DAJUEXINGSHIJIANYAOQIUSHIRENZHONGXINRENSHIDAOYESUJIDUDEJIAZHI,YAOZHONGZHENXINYANGSHIJIEDEDAHAOHESHAN,DANGRAN,YEYAOJIEFANGNEIXIESHOUKUNZAILIXING、ZIYOULAOLONGZHONGDEWUGUZHIREN,RANGTAMENZHONGGUIDAOCHUNMEIDEXINYANGSHIJIE。

澳门娱乐在线  ZHEIXIEYUNDONGZHONGDEXINFENGZHEDANGRANJIUCHENGWEILE《LIXINGSHIDAI》DEPIPANZHE。ERTAMENHETAMENDEHOULAIZHEWUYIYOUCHENGWEILELICHADE·HUOFUSITATE、SUSHAN·YAGEBIBIXIADEFANZHIZHUYIZHE、FEILIXINGZHUYIZHE。

  HUOFUSITATEDE《澳门星河娱乐在线 SHENGHUOZHONGDEFANZHIZHUYI》CHUBANYU1963NIANDEZUOPIN,HUODELEPULICETUSHUJIANG。ZAITAKANLAI,ZAIMEILIJIANHEZHONGGUOJIANGUOYIQIAN,LAIDAOBEIMEIZHEIPIANTUDIDEBUTONGYIMINQUNTI,YEZHENGLISHUYUBUTONGDEJIDUJIAOXINYANGZUZHI。TAMENDEDAOLAI,TIANRANDIHUAIZHEGEZIDEZONGJIAOREQINGYULIXIANG。TAMENPOSHIERYOUJIANDING,ZAIGEZIDEJIAOYIZHONGXUNQIUQUERANWUYIDEDAAN。LIXINGDEJINGSHENQUERANGRENZISHENHAOQIDIDALIANGSHIJIE,MEIYOUBIANJIE,GENGMEIYOUJINJI。

澳门娱乐在线  ZAIHUOFUSITATEKANLAI,XIAAIDEZONGJIAOSHIYESHUFULERENDUIXIANSHISHIJIEDEXIANGXIANGHEZUNZHONG。TAYEGANTAN,DUIYUYILIXINGWEIJIBENGONGJUDEZHISHIFENZI,JINGRANCHANGSHOUDAOGONGKAIDECHAOXIAO。YINGWENDANCIegghead,KEYIZUOGUANGTOU(RUJIDANYIYANGGUANGRUN),YEKEYIWEISHUDAIZI。SHANGSHIJI50NIANDAI,FUZONGTONGJINGXUANRENNIKESONGMIANDUIMINZHUDANGZONGTONGTIMINGRENADELAI·SHIDIWENSEN,JINGRANGONGKAICHENGDUIFANGWEIegghead,YIZHEIZHONGWANXIAODEFANGSHI,DADAOGONGJIDEMUDE。SHIDIWENSEN,BOXUEWENYA,DUIYUJUTIWENTI,YEBUQINGXIAPANDUAN,QUEZAILIANGCIZONGTONGXUANJUZHONGBAIXUAN。ZHEISHI,WUSHIDUOSUIDETAYIJINGXIEDING,TOUXINGRUegg,BENSHENJIUYOUJIDUOWUNAI。ZHEIYANGDIANXINGDEZHISHIFENZIXINGXIANG,SIHUYIWEIZHETAMENBUZHIQINGQU,YUWANGGUADAN,GENGYUDAZHONGGEMO。NIKESONGZHEIYANGJIFENGDUIFANG,XIANGDAZHONGBIAOXIANCHULEZIJIQINQIEKERENDEYIMIAN。TANEIXINMINGBAI,PAOCHUZHEILEIFANJINGYINGDEHUAYU,NENGWEIZIJIYINGDEGENGDUOJIYU。

  ZAINEIGE“LIXINGSHIDAI”LI,ZHISHIJINGYINGDETIAOZHANYEHUIZHAOZHIEYUN。DANDAOLEDAZHONGCHUANMEIDESHIDAI,TAMENJIBIANBUZAIRUPANENNEIYANGDUODUOBIREN,BIAOXIANDELENGJINGWENHE,YEXIANGYIZHONGQIYIDERENLEIWUZHONG,ZAIDAZHONGDETOUNAOZHONGNINGJIEWEIYIZHONGKEBANYINXIANG。ZHEIYANGDERENWU,NIJIUNENGZAIWUDI·AILUNDEDIANYINGLIZHAOXUNDAO。

  ZAIHUOFUSITATEDEZHUZUOCHUBANSISHIDUONIANHOU,YAGEBICHUBANLE《FANZHISHIDAI》(The Age of Ameican Unreason)YISHU,ZHENGSHIYAOXIANGHUOFUSITATEZHIJING。CONGYINGWENSHUMINGLAIKAN,ZHEIBENSHUGENGSHIYAOYUPANENDE《LIXINGSHIDAI》XIANGHUYING。ZHEIBENSHUZUICHUCHUBANYU2008NIAN,ZHENGZHENGSHINIANZHIHOU,YOUYOUSHENGJIBAN。DUIBILIANGGEBANBENKEZHI,XINBANZENGJIABUSHAONEIRONG,ERZHEIXIEXINZENGWENZIZHUYAOGUANYUXINJINZONGTONGTANGNADE·TELANGPU。ZHEIYEYIWEIZHE,ZAIYAGEBIXINZHONG,SHINIANYILAI,澳门星河娱乐在线 DEFANZHIBUDANMEIYOUCHUXIANXIAOTUIDEJIXIANG,HAIFANYOUYUJIAMENGLIEDEQUSHI。

  ZAIYUEDUZHEIBENZHUZUOZHIQIAN,WODAOZHUYIDAOTELANGPUDEYIXIEYOUQUSHILI。JUBAODAO,RUJIN,TELANGPUYUTASUOXINRENDENEIGECHENGYUANMENMEIZHOUBIYOUYICIZHUANMENJUHUI,TUANTUANWEIZHU,YIKUAIERYANTAO《SHENGJING》。ERZHEIXIANG“WEIYE”LIBUKAIDERENSHILAFEIER·LUODELINGE——TAGAISUANZUOSHIDUJINGBANDEZHONGYAOZUZHIZHE。LAFEIERSHENGYUSHANGSHIJIWUSHINIANDAI,SHENTIJIANSHUO,YUNDONGTIANFUYIYUCHANGREN,TACONGXUEXIAODELANQIUMINGXING,JIANJIANCHENGZHANGWEINBAQIUXING。DANTASHIDEJUSHIBIANQIAN,SANSHILAISUIBIANYICONGYUNDONGZHANCHANGSHANGCHELI。ERHOUTAQUDESHENXUESHUOSHIXUEWEI,HONGJIAODESHIYEYOUZHUBUCHENGSHU。2000NIAN,TAZAIGUOHUISHANCHENGLIYISUOHONGFAJIGOU,ZHUANMENXIYINZHENGTANYAOREN,FANGUOLAI,YAORENMENYEJIEYONGTADEDAOCHANGBIAOXIANYIFANPUSAXINCHANG。

  ERZAI2016NIAN,GONGHEDANGFANGFOYIXIUDAOLECHUNTIAN,QICHENGYUANZHANKAITAOLUN,PANWANGGONGLIXUEXIAOLINENGKAISHE《SHENGJING》KECHENG。YEYOURENBAZHEISHIGENJIANGUOZHELIANXIQILAI,TAMENSHENGCHENG,1789NIAN,澳门星河娱乐在线 DIYIGUOHUIHUYUXIANGSUOYOUERTONGFASONG《SHENGJING》。TAMENHAOXIANGYAOXIANQIYICHANGXINSHIDAIDEDAJUEXINGYUNDONG。

澳门娱乐在线  ZAIZHEIGELVXIANTUICHUZHENGJIAOFENLIDEGUOJIA,QILINGDAORENJINGYEPANZHEDUIXUESHENGJINXINGDAODEJIAOHUA。GENGWEIKEPADESHI,ZHEIYANGDEZONGJIAOJIAOYUJIWEIRONGYIDIRANGXUESHENGSHUYUANYUXIANDAIZHISHI。

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  在大洋彼岸,近代中国的反智传统?

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  ZHUANWEN/XIANGKE

编辑:艾峥

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